May 14, 2020

Eye CareMost people think that proper eye care consists of visiting an eye doctor. Taking good care of your eyes is up you.

“Even short-term effect of over UV exposure can cause a ‘sunburn’ of the eyes. Symptoms are pain, tearing or blurred vision,” says Dr. Maria Sirounis Sirmis, a Toronto optometrist.

UV-A rays hurt the central vision by damaging the retina at the back of the eye causing macular degeneration. UV-B is what gives you the burn and affects the cornea and lens by absorbing most of these rays, causing more damage than UV-A rays. “Even though we can not see UV light, it is absorbed into the eye and is cumulative, causing long term problems,” explains Maria. “We use sunscreen to protect our skin and must wear sunglasses to protect our eyes. When you are on the water you receive direct UV rays from above and ones that are reflected off the water.”

Reading a Chart with SunglassesReading a chart and plotting a course is much easier with sunglasses.

The bigger and/or more wrap-around the frame, the more protection you have. Look for 100% UV protection sunglasses. Dr. Sirounis Sirmis stresses, “Children are at much greater risk of UV damage because their pupils are larger than adults and their crystalline lens is clearer, so they do not filter UV as well as adults. Studies show that you get 80% of your cumulative lifetime UV dose by the age of 18.”

Polarized glasses reduce the glare off the water and allow you to better see rocks, shoals or debris just below the surface. Unfortunately the LCD electronic screens on the boat are also polarized. If you lean over the screen, it often becomes black.

Cloudy DayKatherine Stone did extensive research for this feature:

Note: If you are a CY subscriber, you already have your May issue please see the complete special feature on Page 10 with more important information (or subscribe to get the digital edition here)

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Cobourg Yacht Club - 2015 Sailing instructorsKatherine Stone

Like many other harbours on Lake Ontario, Cobourg has seen its fair share of changes. Screams used to be heard from kids piled into a toboggan on wheels that went hurtling down a wooden slide into the harbour. Above it all was the bustling din from the waterfront of ship’s whistles, train engines, foghorns and thundering coal cars. It is now a rather serene place for the locals and visitors to enjoy various watercraft. Fortunately, the beautiful beach that lines the waterfront is still a star attraction for the town.

Located 95 kilometres east of Toronto and 62 kilometres east of Oshawa on the north edge of Lake Ontario, United Empire Loyalists first starting arriving in the area as early as the 1780s. The first settlement in 1798 was called Buckville, later renamed Amherst, then called Hamilton (after the township) and also nicknamed Hardscrabble. It wasn’t until 1819 that they finally settled on the name of Cobourg, which was incorporated as a town in 1837. In the late 1820s large schooners with passengers and cargo had to anchor well off shore, as there was only a landing wharf. A group of Toronto businessmen formed the Cobourg Harbour Company which built the wooden Eastern Pier from tolls charged for the use of the harbour.

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CY Virtual Video Boat Tours

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Sitting at the intersection of three world-class Canadian bodies of water, Lake Ontario, the St. Lawrence River, and the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Rideau Canal (Cataraqui River from Kingston to Newboro), the water’s influence is deeply woven into Kingston’s culture and history. 

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